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Extensive Definition

The Gers (French: le Gers, Occitan: Gers) is a department in the Midi-Pyrénées region in the southwest of France named after the Gers River.

History and culture

In the Middle Ages, the Lordship of L'Isle-Jourdain was nearby.
The Gers is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.
The inhabitants of the department are called les Gersois.
The culture is largely agricultural, with great emphasis on the local gastronomical specialties such as:
Also, some prominent cultivated crops are corn, colza, sunflowers and grain.
The Gascon language is a dialect of Occitan, but it is not widely spoken.
There has been a heavy influence of waves of both British and Spanish immigrants.
Alexandre Dumas created the famous Gersois d'Artagnan, the fourth musketeer of The Three Musketeers. A museum to d'Artagnan is found in the Gersois village of Lupiac.

Geography and demography

Located in southwestern France, the Gers is part of the Midi-Pyrénées region. It is surrounded by the departments of Hautes-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes, and Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The Gers is often referred to as amongst the least densely populated, or most rural, areas in all of Western Europe.
List of the 10 most important cities of the departement:


The annual rain varies from more than 900 mm in the south-west of the department, to less than 700 mm in the North-East (Auch, Condom, Lectoure).
The winters vary, with often negative temperatures, but the climate remains soft all the same and dry, the department is one of sunniest of France.
The summers are very hot and dry, the temperatures often is exceeding 40°. Auch is together with Toulouse and Millau one of the hottest cities of France, with often more than 300 sunny days in the year.


According to recent data tourism represents annually:
  • 610 000 tourists,
  • 5.900.000 nights,
  • 22.100 commercial beds,
  • 2 400 paid employment related to tourism,
  • the tourist represent an equivalent of 17.100 permanent inhabitants,
  • their estimated expenditure is 141.000.000 €.
gers in Aragonese: Gers
gers in Franco-Provençal: G·èrs (dèpartement)
gers in Bulgarian: Жер (департамент)
gers in Catalan: Gers
gers in Chuvash: Жер (департамент)
gers in Cebuano: Gers
gers in Czech: Gers (departement)
gers in Welsh: Gers
gers in Danish: Gers
gers in German: Gers (Département)
gers in Spanish: Gers (departamento)
gers in Esperanto: Gers
gers in Basque: Gers
gers in French: Gers
gers in Galician: Departamento de Gers
gers in Indonesian: Gers
gers in Italian: Gers
gers in Pampanga: Gers
gers in Ladino: Gers
gers in Latin: Aegirtius (praefectura Franciae)
gers in Lithuanian: Žeras (departamentas)
gers in Dutch: Gers (departement)
gers in Japanese: ジェール県
gers in Norwegian: Gers
gers in Norwegian Nynorsk: Gers
gers in Occitan (post 1500): Gers (departament)
gers in Low German: Gers
gers in Polish: Gers
gers in Portuguese: Gers
gers in Romanian: Gers
gers in Russian: Жер (департамент)
gers in Slovak: Gers (departement)
gers in Slovenian: Gers (departma)
gers in Serbian: Жерс
gers in Finnish: Gers
gers in Swedish: Gers
gers in Tajik: Департаменти Жер
gers in Ukrainian: Жер
gers in Volapük: Gers
gers in Chinese: 热尔省
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